July 1, 2012
Last month, I visited the Matisse exhibition at the Pompidou Centre in Paris. There were many wonderful paintings, but the main fascination of the exhibition for me was the display of Matisse’s drawings.
Matisse frequently used drawing as a way of entering a picture, often making multiple sketches of a subject in order to work out his ideas. These were done quickly, the aim being to try to capture the fleeting forms and emotions a subject inspired in him.
Sometimes the variations are slight, as in these two differently coloured ‘face flowers’:
Sometimes the changes are significant enough to warrant a game of ‘spot the difference’, as this pair of cutouts illustrates:
Apparently, Matisse often did not know whether his sketches took him closer or further away from his subject until he had finished an entire sequence. Only then could he go back and decide which one best represented its ‘truth’ (which he was always careful to distinguish from ‘exactitude’).
Matisse’s multiple sketches remind me of the drafting process of writing – an analogy the painter himself used. Like a writer rewriting a sentence, he argued that he made new discoveries with each fresh attempt.
For Matisse, each ‘rewriting’ was valuable, because it enabled him to arrive at a point of ‘balance, a conclusion’ which could be reviewed at the next sitting. Then, he suggests, ‘if I find a weakness in the whole, I find my way back into the picture by means of the weakness – I re-enter through the break and re-conceive the whole’.
All of which seems an excellent justification for what can sometimes appear as the wasteful and dispiriting process of redrafting writing.
While it was exhilarating to see the dedication and detail that went into Matisse’s ‘drafts’, the painter himself was adamant that none of this work should show in the final version:
‘I have always tried to hide my efforts and wished my art to have the light joyousness of springtime, which never lets anyone suspect the labours it has cost me.’
Another excellent mantra for writers.